Gastric schwannoma: a diagnosis that should be known in 2019.
Gastric schwannoma (GS) is a rare neoplasm of the stomach deriving from Schwann cells of the peripheral nerves in the stomach. It accounts for 0.2% of all gastric tumors and is mostly benign, slow-growing and asymptomatic. Due to its rarity, GS is not widely recognized by clinicians. Preoperatively, GSs are difficult to differentiate from other mesenchymal tumors, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) or leiomyoma, which develop from mesenchymal stem cells. The optimal management of GS is based on the symptoms of the patient, tumor size and histologic grading. Here, we report the case of a GS in a 73-year-old female who underwent a wedge gastric resection following a clinical diagnosis of GIST. A histological and immunohistochemical study was performed excluding the misdiagnosis of GIST. The histomorphological features of the lesion and absence of c-Kit and strong positivity of S100 indicated the diagnosis of GS.