Long-term outcomes of oesophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy in patients with portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis

BACKGROUND Research about the long-term outcomes of oesophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy (OGDS) to treat portal hypertension (PH) is scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and long-term treatment efficacy of OGDS, especially in elderly patients.
METHODS During 2010-2016, open splenectomy and oesophagogastric devascularization (OSOD) and laparoscopic splenectomy and oesophagogastric devascularization were performed in 124 (group A) and 29 (group C) patients diagnosed with PH and liver cirrhosis, respectively. All patients aged less than 65 years. Besides, 39 patients aged 65 years or older undergoing open splenectomy and oesophagogastric devascularization were classified into group B. All clinical data were retrospectively analysed.
RESULTS Compared with group A, patients in group C had longer operative time, less blood loss and shorter post-operative hospitalization time. However, for perioperative data, there was no significant difference between group A and group B. During post-operative follow-up, compared with pre-operative condition, all haematology and liver function parameters significantly changed, except for alanine aminotransferase. For post-operative complications, only the portal vein system thrombosis rate was significantly higher in group C than group A. No significant difference was found in the overall survival rate among three groups, when non-variceal-rebleeding-related deaths were excluded.
CONCLUSION OGDS remains safe and effective to treat PH secondary to liver cirrhosis and it can be performed successfully in elderly patients and achieve a curative effect that is not inferior to young patients.

as reported in: ANZ J Surg. 2020 May 14 [Epub ahead of print]